【分享】新聞報告 | 氣候變化影響的管理:第一個國際適應性標準出版

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氣候變化影響的管理:第一個國際適應性標準出版

 

世界大型企業公司評估氣候風險會給企業經濟帶來近萬億美元的損失,氣候變化的影響不能被忽視。新的國際標準制定出來以幫助企業適應這種變化。

極端的天氣、不斷上升的溫度和溫室氣體排放在各個方面影響著企業經濟,同樣,氣候的變化也帶來各種機遇。聯合國氣候變化框架公約(UNFCCC)最新報告顯示,一些世界大型企業,市值近17萬億美元,據估計面臨氣候變化的風險成本將近1萬億美元。但另一方面,氣候變化帶來的商業機會及潛在收益將會成倍增加。 

因此,制定合理有序的計劃以適應氣候變化是企業成功的關鍵。 

ISO 14090《適應氣候變化——原則、要求和指南》是該領域ISO標準中的第一版,旨在幫助組織評估氣候變化影響,并制定有效適應計劃。該標準將有效幫助企業識別和管理風險,并抓住氣候變化可能帶來的機會。 

它提供了一個管理框架,使組織能夠在設計和實施政策、戰略、計劃和活動時適當考慮氣候變化的影響并作出相應對策。 

制定標準的工作組的負責人約翰·多拉說,氣候變化的影響,如意外的天氣和溫度變化,如果準備不充分,可能對組織產生重大影響,從而導致基礎設施損壞或破壞。“了解氣候影響不僅僅是為了防范氣候變化。更重要的是基于風險和機遇做出的商業決策,因此了解恢復能力對于整個價值鏈(如采購、投資和保險)都很有用。” 

新的ISO標準適用于所有類型的組織,不管他們是否有適當的適應計劃。該標準指導用戶為聯合國氣候行動可持續發展目標(SDG 13)作出貢獻。 

該標準旨在成為適應氣候變化的總體標準,技術委員會還正在制定其他標準,以提供進一步的指導。其中包括ISO 14091《適應氣候變化——脆弱性、影響和風險評估》和ISO 14092《溫室氣體管理和相關活動:地方政府和社區組織適應規劃的要求和指導》。

 

英文版

Managing the impact of climate change: First International Standard for adaptation published

 

When some of the world’s biggest companies value climate risks to their businesses at nearly one trillion dollars, the impact of climate change cannot be ignored. Businesses need to adapt, and a new International Standard has just been developed to help.

Extreme weather, rising temperatures and greenhouse gas emissions are all aspects of our changing climate that can impact businesses. They can also create opportunities. A recent report by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) showed that a group of the world’s largest companies, worth collectively nearly USD 17 trillion, have valued the cost of climate change risks to their business at almost USD 1 trillion. On the flip side, they valued potential gains from business opportunities at more than double. 

Therefore, having robust plans in place to adapt to climate change is key to business success.

ISO 14090, Adaptation to climate change — Principles, requirements and guidelines, is the first in a range of ISO standards in this area and aims to help organizations assess climate change impacts and put plans in place for effective adaptation. It helps them identify and manage risks, as well as seize any opportunities that climate change may bring.

It offers a framework that enables organizations to give appropriate consideration to climate change adaptation when designing and implementing policies, strategies, plans and activities.

John Dora, Co-Convenor of the working group that developed the standard, said climate change impacts such as unexpected weather and temperature changes can have a significant effect on an organization’s bottom line if they are not prepared for it, causing infrastructure damage or disruption to their business: “Understanding climate impacts is not just for those implementing climate actions. Organizational decisions are made on the basis of risks and opportunities, so understanding resilience is useful across the value chain such as in purchasing, investment and insurance.”

The new ISO standard is useful for all kinds of organizations, regardless of whether they have adaptation plans in place. Implementation also enables users to directly contribute to the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goal on climate action (SDG 13).

It is intended to be the overarching standard for adaptation to climate change, and the committee is also working on other standards that will provide further guidance. These include ISO 14091, Adaptation to climate change — Vulnerability, impacts and risk assessment and ISO 14092, GHG Management and related activities: requirement and guidance of adaptation planning for organizations including local governments and communities.


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